Drug Discov Ther. 2020;14(6):313-318. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2020.03089)
Leucocytosis and early organ involvement as risk factors of mortality in adults with dengue fever
Baitha U, Halkur Shankar S, Kodan P, Singla P, Ahuja J, Agarwal S, Gupta A, Jorwal P, Soneja M, Ranjan P, Kumar A, Baruah K,Biswas A
The clinical profile and risk factors for mortality in dengue fever have evolved over the years. The all-cause mortality in admitted dengue patients is around 6%. We aimed to evaluate the recent change in trends of the clinical characteristics and risk factors for in-hospital mortality in adults with dengue fever. This is a retrospective study on adults with confirmed dengue fever admitted in a medical unit of a tertiary care center in North India. Medical records of confirmed dengue fever patients admitted between January 2011, and December 2016 were reviewed. Chi-squared tests with Bonferroni correction for multiple testing were used to identify risk factors for mortality. 232 records were included, of which 66.8% were males. The mean age was 31.6 ± 14 years. There were 17 deaths with an all-cause mortality rate of 7.3% with 76.5% being classified as severe dengue at admission. Among the 17 mortality cases, dyspnea (47%), tachypnea (86.7%), leucocytosis (58.8%), raised urea (80%), and elevated serum creatinine (52.9%) at presentation were significantly associated with mortality (p < 0.001). Shock at any time during the hospital stay (58.8%) was also found to be significantly associated with mortality (p < 0.001). We found that dyspnea, tachypnea, acute kidney injury, and leucocytosis at presentation was significantly associated with in-hospital mortality. Based on our results, we recommend aggressive management of patients with severe dengue and those with mild/moderate disease with the above risk factors.