Drug Discov Ther. 2021;15(1):14-19. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2021.01016)
The safety of ritodrine hydrochloride: Adverse effects on fetuses and newborns
Yonaga Y, Ito A
Prematurely born infants face unique risks, and the treatment of imminent preterm birth is thus an important part of perinatal care. Ritodrine hydrochloride (Rito) is widely used as a therapeutic agent to treat imminent preterm birth in Japan. Following assessment of the risks and benefits of shortacting β-agonists, including Rito, in Europe, however, the use of Rito has begun to be questioned. Thus, in this study we investigated the safety of Rito in the treatment of imminent preterm birth, with a particular focus on the adverse effects (AEs) on fetuses and newborn infants. Using the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency of Japan's Japanese Adverse Drug Event Report (JADER) database, the AEs on fetuses and newborns caused by oral and injected Rito were extracted and analyzed. The reported odds ratios for oral Rito were significantly higher for fetal tachycardia, fetal bradycardia, neonatal hypoglycemia, and neonatal heart failure than for other drugs. The reported odds ratios for Rito injection were significantly higher for fetal tachycardia and neonatal hypoglycemia than for other drugs. Oral drugs had more adverse effect reports than injectable drugs.