Drug Discov Ther. 2022;16(1):23-29. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2022.01015)

Relationship between low back pain and stress urinary incontinence at 3 months postpartum

Mutaguchi M, Murayama R, Takeishi Y, Kawajiri M, Yoshida A, Nakamura Y, Yoshizawa T, Yoshida M


Previous studies have proposed that pelvic misalignment may be associated with stress urinary incontinence through a decrease in the contractile function of the pelvic floor muscles; however, this relationship remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify the relationship between low back pain, an indication of pelvic misalignment, and stress urinary incontinence at 3 months postpartum. We conducted a cross-sectional study of women who gave birth to full-term babies between July 2008 and July 2009. Stress urinary incontinence was defined as urinary leakage when coughing, sneezing, or exercising. Low back pain was defined as pain between the ribs and gluteal sulcus in the preceding 2 months. Of the 228 subjects included in the study, the prevalence of stress urinary incontinence was 22.8% (n = 52). The prevalence of low back pain in the stress urinary incontinence group was significantly higher than that in the non-stress urinary incontinence group (78.8% [n = 41] vs. 57.4% [n = 101]; p = 0.005). Stress urinary incontinence was associated with older age, primiparity, vaginal delivery, and low back pain at 3 months. In conclusion, low back pain was associated with stress urinary incontinence after adjusting for pregnancy and delivery factors, suggesting pelvic misalignment contributes to the development of stress urinary incontinence. We propose that including care for pelvic misalignment in pelvic floor muscle training, the treatment of choice for stress urinary incontinence, could be beneficial.

KEYWORDS: Low back pain, pelvic misalignment, postpartum period, urinary incontinence, vaginal delivery

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