Drug Discov Ther. 2022;16(1):37-42. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2022.01004)

Effectiveness of ultrasound-guided pelvic floor muscle training in improving prolonged urinary incontinence after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy

Matsunaga A, Yoshida M, Shinoda Y, Sato Y, Kamei J, Niimi A, Fujimura T, Kume H, Igawa Y


Persistence of urinary incontinence (UI) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is a bothersome problem because of its negative effect on the patient’s quality of life (QOL). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of transperineal ultrasound (TPUS)-guided pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) on prolonged UI after RARP. Thirty men with stress UI persisting for > 1 year after RARP underwent biofeedback PFMT using TPUS once every 2-3 weeks for 3 months. The frequency and duration of sustaining pelvic floor muscle (PFM) contractions were assessed using ultrasound imaging. The severity of UI and UI-related QOL were evaluated using a 24-hour pad test and the incontinence quality of life (I-QOL) questionnaire. Twenty-four men (mean age, 72.2 years) completed the TPUSguided PFMT. The mean duration from RARP to PFMT was 1,228.9 days. The mean cumulative session and the total duration of TPUS-guided PFMT were 4.6 times and 73.3 days, respectively. Compared with the data before TPUS-guided PFMT, the frequency of PFM contractions and duration of sustaining contraction significantly improved after TPUS-guided PFMT (p < 0.05). Additionally, the total amount of urinary leakage after TPUS-guided PFMT was reduced significantly (248.6 ± 280.6 g vs. 397.0 ± 427.0 g, p = 0.024). The I-QOL score was significantly increased after TPUS-guided PFMT (72.1 ± 16.8 vs. 61.0 ± 19.0, p < 0.001). TPUS-guided PFMT may be effective in improving prolonged UI occurring > 1 year after RARP.

KEYWORDS: biofeedback, physiotherapy, urinary leakage, quality of life, transperineal ultrasound

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