Drug Discov Ther. 2022;16(6):300-304. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2022.01093)
Molecular and immunological diagnosis of Monkeypox virus in the clinical laboratory
Liao H, Qu JX, Lu HZ
The 2022 monkeypox outbreak outside Africa is ongoing. Cases have been reported in Hong Kong and Chongqing, China. In order to better prevent and control the potential spread of monkeypox virus in China, the development of sensitive and reliable detection commercial kits is imminent. This correspondence reviews the existing laboratory assays and related technologies for nucleic acid (PCR) and serological assays for the diagnosis of monkeypox virus to provide reference for the management and decision-making departments. Due to the serological cross-reactivity of orthopoxviruses, PCR is the laboratory test of choice to confirm monkeypox virus infection. We recommend a dual-target PCR approach in which one assay targets a conserved sequence of the Orthopoxvirus genus and the other targets a monkeypox virus specific sequence.