Drug Discov Ther. 2009;3(4):162-167.
Antiaggressive activity of hyperforin: A preclinical study.
Kumar N, Husain GM, Singh PN, Kumar V
The aim of present study was to investigate the in vivo antiaggressive activity of hyperforin using defensive and offensive behavioral models in rodents. Adult male rats and mice were used for the present study. Animals were divided into three groups, with 6 animals in each. Lorazepam was used as standard antiaggressive agent. Animals were treated once daily, for seven consecutive days. Hyperforin (10 mg/kg, i.p.) was injected in a volume of 10 mL/kg for seven consecutive days. Standard group was treated with lorazepam (2.5 mg/kg, i.p.). The control group was treated with equal volume of vehicle (0.3% carboxy methyl cellulose suspension, i.p.). Animals were screened for aggressive behavior before dividing them into groups. At the end of 7 days, experiments were performed. Antiaggressive activity was evaluated using following validated models of aggression viz. foot shock-induced aggression, isolation-induced aggression, resident-intruder aggression and water competition test. Hyperforin treatment significantly (p < 0.001) reduced various aggressive parameters viz. latency to first attack and number of fights in isolation induced aggression, resident intruder aggression and foot shock induced aggression tests. In water competition test, hyperforin treatment significantly (p < 0.001) reduced the duration of water consumption and frequency of water spout possession. We conclude that hyperforin, the major lipophilic compound contained in extracts of Hypericum perforatum, is thus responsible for the antiaggressive activity, suggesting the therapeutic potential of hyperforin as an antiaggressive agent.