Drug Discov Ther. 2023;17(1):26-36. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2022.01061)
ENST00000438158 aids ultrasound for predicting lymph node metastasis and inhibits migration and invasion of papillary thyroid carcinoma cells
Liu H, Shi YX, Zhan J, Liu YC, Su B, Chen Y, Wang L, Chen L
Cervical lymph node metastasis (CLNM) of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is directly associated with clinical management and prognosis. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the value of conventional ultrasound (US) combined with ENST00000438158 in predicting CLNM of PTC. Fourty-nine PTC patients underwent US examination and US-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA). ENST00000438158 expression in FNA cytological specimens and PTC cell lines was detected using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The role of ENST00000438158 expression in the proliferation, migration, invasion, apoptosis, and cell cycle of PTC cells was investigated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK8) and clone formation experiments, transwell assay, and flow cytometry, respectively. Calcification, capsule contact, and low ENST00000438158 expression were independently associated with PTC with CLNM (all p < 0.05). The combination of multiple US features was more valuable than a single US feature in predicting CLNM in PTC. Adding ENST0000438158 to US greatly improved the value of differentiation of PTC with or without CLNM. In conclusion, ENST00000438158 is a potential molecular marker for predicting CLNM in PTC. ENST00000438158 combined with US features is highly valuable for predicting CLNM in PTC.