Drug Discov Ther. 2023;17(4):299-303. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2023.01044)

Higher serum AMH level is associated with better pregnancy outcomes of IVF/ICSI assisted pregnancy in infertile patients under 35 years old

Ye FJ, Du Y, Cao WL, Jiang RH, Qi Q, Sun HM, Zhou J, Wang L


This study aimed to investigate the effect of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) on the pregnancy outcome of infertility assisted by IVF/Micro-Insemination/Embryo Transfer Infertility Assistance (IVF/ICSI-ET). A total of 324 patients under the age of 35 who received IVF/ICSI-ET assistance in our center were included in this analysis. AMH levels of these patients were measured by chemiluminescence method and divided into clinical pregnancy group (175 cases) and nonpregnancy group (149 cases) according to the final pregnancy outcome. The relationship between the two groups' pregnancy outcomes and AMH levels was analyzed. The above association was re-evaluated after excluding patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. There was no significant difference in age, body mass index (BMI), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), and 2 pronucleus (PN) between clinical and non-clinical pregnancy groups. Compared with the clinical pregnancy group, the level of AMH in the non-pregnancy group was significantly lower (p < 0.05). A higher AMH level was closely related to better IVF/ICSI-ET assisted pregnancy outcome in vitro. After excluding AMH abnormalities, the AMH level was still significantly associated with pregnancy outcomes of in vitro IVF/ICSI-ET-assisted pregnancy. Our results show a correlation between AMH level and pregnancy outcome of in vitro IVF/ICSI-ET assisted pregnancy. For women under age 35, lower AMH levels may be one of the predictors of adverse pregnancy outcomes. For patients with low AMH level, it is suggested to strengthen monitoring to ensure the safety and smoothness of the pregnancy process.

KEYWORDS: infertility, in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer, pregnancy outcome, AMH

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