Drug Discov Ther. 2023;17(5):320-327. (DOI: 10.5582/ddt.2023.01057)

Effects of plant-based copper nanoparticles on the elimination of ciprofloxacin

Sassa-deepaeng T, Yodthong W, Khumpirapang N, Anuchapreeda S, Okonogi S


Ciprofloxacin (CIP) is frequently detected in the environment and causes the emergence of drugresistant bacteria. High levels of CIP in the environment are also harmful to humans and animals. Therefore, effective elimination of CIP is required. In this study, plant-based copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) have been fabricated for the purpose of eliminating CIP. Aqueous extracts of 6 plants were compared for their phytochemicals and reducing activity. Among all the extracts, Garcinia mangostana extract (GM) was the most potent with the highest total phenolic compounds, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, and reducing activity. CuNPs synthesized using GM (GM-CuNPs) were characterized using UV-VIS spectroscopy and dynamic light scattering. The results showed that the maximum absorption of GM-CuNPs was at 340 nm. The average size of GM-CuNPs is in the nanoscale range of 159.2 ± 61 nm, with a narrow size distribution and a negative zeta potential of – 4.13 ± 6.97 mV. The stability of GM-CuNPs is not solely due to their zeta potential but also phytochemicals in the extract. GM-CuNPs at 25 mM showed the highest efficiency of 95% in removing CIP from aqueous medium pH 6-7 at 25-35°C within 20 min. The results indicated that the electrostatic attraction between the negative charge of GM-CuNPs and the positive charge of CIP controlled the drug adsorption on the nanoparticles. In conclusion, the developed GM-CuNPs have excellent CIP removal efficiency. These synthesized GM-CuNPs are expected to be environmentally friendly for the removal of antibiotics and other drugs.

KEYWORDS: Garcinia mangostana, eco-friendly, green synthesis, metal nanoparticles, plant extract

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